|关键词: 收入不平等 土地产权 基尼系数 RIF回归
|Land Tenure, Factor Allocation and Farm Household Income Inequality：Empirical Analysis Based on CHARLS 2018 Data
School of Statistics, Renmin University of China
|Does the current market-oriented property rights arrangement for agricultural land widen the inequality in rural society? This paper constructs an analytical framework of "land titling-factor allocation-income distribution" in an attempt to answer this question, and further employs a RIF-based inequality treatment effect model to empirically test the impact of farmland titling on farm household income inequality based on CHARLS2018 data. The results show that land titling has a significant income-increasing effect, and the income-increasing effect on low- and middle-income farmers is much larger than that on high-income farmers, thus reducing the Gini coefficient and improving the income inequality of farmers. The mechanism of its effect is realized by promoting the transfer of agricultural land and agricultural labor, and the free flow of land and labor factors is conducive to the equalization of income among farm households and the reduction of income disparity. However, it is worth noting that the credit effect of land titling can also widen the income gap among farm households due to the scale bias of credit disbursement. Based on this, this paper proposes that, in order to achieve common prosperity, policy recommendations should be made to grant farmers more property rights and interests in land, accelerate the improvement of urban and rural factor markets, and deeply promote the development of inclusive finance.
|Key words: income inequality land property rights Gini coefficient RIF regression