|关键词: 粮食安全 粮食直补政策 效能评价 农民种粮积极性 非传统安全
|Evaluation and System governance of grain direct subsidy policy effectiveness based on farmers'' enthusiasm for growing grain
|Farmers" enthusiasm for growing grain plays an important role in maintaining food security, and the direct grain subsidy policy is the carrier for the country to realize the goal of mobilizing farmers" enthusiasm for growing grain. The current direct grain subsidy policy has limited effectiveness in mobilizing farmers" enthusiasm for growing grain, mainly because the policy has more stimulated the enthusiasm of land-dependent farmers to grow grain, and it is difficult to fully mobilize semi-land-dependent and non-land-dependent farmers to grow grain positivity. Affected by the older age structure, the land-dependent peasant group is difficult to engage in agricultural production activities on all the land in the village even if they are enthusiastic about growing grain, so that it is not uncommon for the land to be abandoned or left unused. The formation of the policy effectiveness of direct grain subsidies can be examined from the dimensions of policy design, policy implementation and policy support. It can be seen that the policy is mainly affected by the unscientific design of the incentive concept, the unattractive identification of the incentive standard, the relatively simple use of the incentive method, deviations in the implementation of the incentive policy, and the lagging of the incentive policy supporting system. To promote policy effectiveness, quality and efficiency, it is necessary to guide the transformation from one-way policies to compound policies, reshape the concept of policy incentives, improve policy incentive standards, adjust policy incentive methods, enhance the accuracy of policy implementation, and improve the policy supporting system.
|Key words: food security grain direct subsidy policy performance evaluation farmers" enthusiasm for growing grain non-traditional security