|关键词: 农民专业合作社 结构性增收 内生转换模型 增能赋权
|Farmer specialized cooperatives and structural income growth for farmers: Impact effects and mechanism examination
|The successful convening of the 20th National Congress of the Party marks the beginning of a new journey for our country towards the comprehensive construction of a socialist modernized nation. Farmer specialized cooperatives, as a new type of agricultural operation entity, contribute to the revitalization of rural industries and facilitate structural income growth for farmers. This study adopts an empowerment perspective and utilizes micro-survey data from the Southwest region in 2018. By employing an endogenous transformation model, it analyzes the mechanisms through which farmer specialized cooperatives achieve structural income growth and discusses the income-enhancing effects of cooperatives on different types of income under various modes. The results indicate: ① Cooperatives have significant income-enhancing effects. ② Farmer participation in operations can effectively leverage the empowering role of cooperatives by promoting the improvement of farmers'' human capital, expanding employment channels, and achieving sustained growth in operational and wage incomes. ③ Farmer equity participation can effectively utilize the empowering function of cooperatives by promoting asset accumulation, achieving increased property rights income, and ensuring continuous growth in property and transfer incomes. Based on these findings, this study proposes the development strategies for cooperatives, focusing on strengthening external support in terms of talent-driven approaches, aligning with social enterprises, and government supervision, as well as optimizing internal safeguards in terms of industrial development, stable employment, and asset gains.
|Key words: farmer specialized cooperatives, structural income growth, endogenous transformation model, empowerment for capacity building